Neighbourhood Square Mile


A prestigious neighbourhood in 19th-century Canada.

Sumptuous Victorian residences, noteworthy institutions, mansions, great thoroughfares and shady streets, parks and monuments define the character of this residential neighbourhood, once home to Canada's anglophone upper class.

A prosperous neighbourhood moulded by a core of mostly Scottish businessmen, its original area was about one square mile, hence the name. It was bounded by Dorchester Street (nowaday René-Lévesque Boulevard), Mount Royal Park, Côte-des-Neiges Road and University Street.

With urban development, these limits were extended, and some grand houses in the area made way for highrises. Despite this, a rich built heritage has survived the pressures of demography and speculation, thanks to the exemplary preservation efforts of many citizens.

The Square Mile is part of the Mount Royal Natural and Historical District and includes the McGill University campus, the McCord Museum of Canadian History, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts and many other attractions that may be discovered by strolling along Sherbrooke Street West.

Image : HM_ARC_000928

"Ravenscrag Residence", ("The Board of Trade of Montreal. The Metropolis of the Dominion"), Montreal, The Trade Review Publishing Company, 1909, p. 44