Neighbourhood Little Italy

History

1850 1875

1850-1875

Up to the end of the 19th century, the area was a vast rural property owned by the Comte family. Their land was adjacent to a rich limestone deposit and to Montée-Saint-Laurent. One of the oldest arteries on the island, it was the main road north. At the time, only a few families lived along it. A toll gate, hotel and other facilities catering to travellers leaving the city were situated at the de Castelnau Street intersection.

1850-1875

Up to the end of the 19th century, the area was a vast rural property owned by the Comte family. Their land was adjacent to a rich limestone deposit and to Montée-Saint-Laurent. One of the oldest arteries on the island, it was the main road north. At the time, only a few families lived along it. A toll gate, hotel and other facilities catering to travellers leaving the city were situated at the de Castelnau Street intersection.

1875 1900

1875-1900

By 1880, many Italians had arrived in Montreal. Most of them lived around what is now Chinatown and the Quartier latin, but soon moved north to be near jobs related to the rapidly expanding railways and grey stone quarries. For the most part tradesmen with young families, they built new housing on former farm land.

Image : HM_ARC_000767

Église Saint-Édouard et partie du boulevard Saint-Denis



1875-1900

By 1880, many Italians had arrived in Montreal. Most of them lived around what is now Chinatown and the Quartier latin, but soon moved north to be near jobs related to the rapidly expanding railways and grey stone quarries. For the most part tradesmen with young families, they built new housing on former farm land.

Image : HM_ARC_001663



25.4 cm
32.5 cm


1900 1930

1900-1930

By the turn of the last century, the first Italians had moved into the area, focussing on the Mile End train station, which was located on near the intersection of St. Lawrence Boulevard and Bernard Street. Close to work and easily accessible by transit, the district offered affordable properties which even made it possible for homeowners to grown their own food. Some of the newcomers opened restaurants, offering familiar tastes of the old country!

In 1910, a new parish was created, Madona Della Difesa, the mother parish of the Italian Community in Canada. Its vibrancy led to the 1919 construction of the current monumental church, leading to expansion of Little Italy northward to Jean-Talon.

Working class neighbourhoods developed rapidly, in step with economic activities along the railway lines. Several factories and warehouses opened, including the Catelli plant and the Montreal Street Railways shops.

Image : HM_ARC_000763

Projet de marché sur la propriété Beaubien



1900-1930

By the turn of the last century, the first Italians had moved into the area, focussing on the Mile End train station, which was located on near the intersection of St. Lawrence Boulevard and Bernard Street. Close to work and easily accessible by transit, the district offered affordable properties which even made it possible for homeowners to grown their own food. Some of the newcomers opened restaurants, offering familiar tastes of the old country!

In 1910, a new parish was created, Madona Della Difesa, the mother parish of the Italian Community in Canada. Its vibrancy led to the 1919 construction of the current monumental church, leading to expansion of Little Italy northward to Jean-Talon.

Working class neighbourhoods developed rapidly, in step with economic activities along the railway lines. Several factories and warehouses opened, including the Catelli plant and the Montreal Street Railways shops.

Image : HM_ARC_000864

Pinsonneault, 1907 (Planche 13 - Plan du Grand Stand Shamrock)



Image : HM_ARC_001643



25.8 cm
84 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001630



39.7 cm
49 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001625



23.1 cm
31.899 cm


Image : HM_ARC_000219

Institution des Sourds-Muets - Construction - Carrière

10.1 cm
15 cm


Image : HM_ARC_000733

Ancienne usine Catelli

12.3 cm
17.5 cm


1930 1940

1930-1940

The Great Depression of the 1930s spurred major public works projects creating needed jobs. The Northern Market (now Jean-Talon Market), as well as the Shamrock buildings, were built on the former Shamrock Lacrosse Grounds. Mile End Station was replaced by the new Park Avenue Station (Jean-Talon Station), better suited to passenger service. A municipal yard replaced the greystone quarries of the district. Neighbourhood cinemas sprang up and Casa d'Italia was built as a social centre for Montreal's Italian community.

At the same time, Little Italy lost several institutions, including the Catelli and Coca Cola plants. This undermined the economic strength of the area along the railway tracks.

Image : HM_ARC_000549

La Casa d'Italia



1930-1940

The Great Depression of the 1930s spurred major public works projects creating needed jobs. The Northern Market (now Jean-Talon Market), as well as the Shamrock buildings, were built on the former Shamrock Lacrosse Grounds. Mile End Station was replaced by the new Park Avenue Station (Jean-Talon Station), better suited to passenger service. A municipal yard replaced the greystone quarries of the district. Neighbourhood cinemas sprang up and Casa d'Italia was built as a social centre for Montreal's Italian community.

At the same time, Little Italy lost several institutions, including the Catelli and Coca Cola plants. This undermined the economic strength of the area along the railway tracks.

Image : HM_ARC_001034

Les étals extérieurs du marché Jean-Talon en été



Image : HM_ARC_001272

Édifices Shamrock, bâtiment d'inspection des viandes, façade principale



Image : HM_ARC_001027

Marché Jean-Talon



Image : HM_ARC_001265

Édifices Shamrock, vue d'ensemble des bâtiments



Image : HM_ARC_000300

Saint-Denis, Vue aérienne vers l'est

20.2 cm
25.2 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001036

Théâtre Le Château



1950 1960

1950-1960

The greatest wave of Italian immigration occurred just after the Second World War. By the mid-1950s, Little Italy had more than 15,000 inhabitants! Many men worked as day labourers, contractors and in construction.

Image : HM_ARC_001631



9.8 cm
16.3 cm


1950-1960

The greatest wave of Italian immigration occurred just after the Second World War. By the mid-1950s, Little Italy had more than 15,000 inhabitants! Many men worked as day labourers, contractors and in construction.

Image : HM_ARC_001622



13.199 cm
9.8 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001027

Marché Jean-Talon



Image : HM_ARC_001626



16.6 cm
25.399 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001627



25.6 cm
25.399 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001621



6.2 cm
8.9 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001620



9 cm
6.2999 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001619



9.9 cm
7.5998 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001623



9 cm
9 cm


1960 2006

Since 1960

Many Italians moved to Villeray, Saint-Léonard, LaSalle and Rivières-des-Prairies. Little Italy's community life suffered; companies also felt the loss. From that point on, new immigrants replaced the Italians. Haitians and Latin Americans rented homes and adapted to a new country. Little Italy became increasingly multicultural.

Image : HM_ARC_001196

"Pourquoi demeurer locataire..." ("Guide du Nord", vol. XXIX, no 5, 7 février 1963, p. 4)

38.5 cm
28.5 cm


Since 1960

Many Italians moved to Villeray, Saint-Léonard, LaSalle and Rivières-des-Prairies. Little Italy's community life suffered; companies also felt the loss. From that point on, new immigrants replaced the Italians. Haitians and Latin Americans rented homes and adapted to a new country. Little Italy became increasingly multicultural.

Image : HM_ARC_001637



20.6 cm
25.3 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001652



20.199 cm
25.199 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001653



20.199 cm
25.6 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001230

La fruiterie Milano dit: "Bienvenue aux nouveaux résidents" ("Guide du Nord", vol. XXX, no 28, 12 juillet 1983, p. 12)

38.5 cm
28.5 cm


Image : HM_ARC_001593

Fruiterie Milano



Image : HM_ARC_001590

"Bar Sportivo"



Image : HM_ARC_001591

Quincallerie Dante



Image : HM_ARC_001218

"Le marché Jean-Talon : des légumes vietnamiens cultivés au Québec" ("Guide du Nord", vol. XXIX, no 28, mardi 13 juillet 1982, p. 1 et 8)

38.5 cm
28.5 cm


Image : HM_ARC_000992

L'aménagement paysager du parc de la Petite Italie