Neighbourhood - Buildings

Musée du Château Dufresne



Achitecture

Built by Marius Dufresne and Jules Renard, the building was designed by Wilfrid Vandal. It consists of two adjoining symmetrical homes with a single façade. Elegant and monumental, inspired by the Petit Trianon in Versailles, France, it was the first home to be built of reinforced concrete. Its design and composition reflect the precepts of the Beaux-Arts style favoured by the French-speaking upper-middle class of the time. Its symmetrical, rectangular structure is clad with pale limestone. Its grandiose façade includes a central bay with four paired Ionic columns, balustrades on the roof and ground floor, segment-headed windows on the ground floor, and rectangular windows above. Each of the homes has twenty-two rooms, a veranda, and a lateral wing, with two stories in front and three in the back.

The interior, decorated by Guido Nincheri in the 1920s, is both opulent and eclectic with extravagant period furnishings. Each room has its own style: Louis XV and XVI sitting rooms, an Italian Renaissance drawing room, Gothic studies, an Oriental smoking room, and an Italian Renaissance breakfast room. In addition, the two homes are decorated with wood panelling, friezes, plaster fireplaces, exotic woods, and Italian marble staircases.

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Château Dufresne, Pie IX boulevard

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (VM94Z-60), © Héritage Montréal

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Château Dufresne, front

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (R3080-2_4040E(-1965)-003), © Héritage Montréal

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Rear view of the Château Dufresne
1925
© Atelier d’histoire d’Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, © Héritage Montréal

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Château Dufresne, interior with stairs

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (R3080-2_4040E(-1965)-008), © Héritage Montréal

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Château Dufresne, details of the ceiling

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (R3080-2_4040E(-1965)-015), © Héritage Montréal

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Château Dufresne, fountain and piano

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (R3080-2_4040E(-1965)-013), © Héritage Montréal

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Château Dufresne, fountain

© Ville de Montréal. Gestion de documents et archives (R3080-2_4040E(-1965)-021), © Héritage Montréal