Neighbourhood - Commemorative and public art

Dollard des Ormeaux


To stimulate French-Canadian patriotism, the Association catholique de la jeunesse canadienne-française organized a public subscription in June 1900 to finance a patriotic monument to the memory of Dollard des Ormeaux. The commission was awarded by competition to one of the greatest Canadian sculptors, Alfred Laliberté. The architects Alphonse Venne and Dalbé Viau helped to design the base.

The Monument to Dollard des Ormeaux is considered one of the artist's three greatest public sculptures, along with his fountain at the Maisonneuve Market and his monument to Louis Hébert in Quebec City.

The main figure, Dollard des Ormeaux, is represented in bronze at the centre of the monument. Treated in the supple and sinuous lines dear to the sculptor, Dollard is presented as a brave warrior, in a moving scene where one of his comrades lies mortally wounded at his feet. Originally, a sword was to have increased the momentum of the commander's gesture, but to the artist's great regret this element proved impossible to incorporate.

Heir to an artistic tradition that valued academism in monumental sculpture, Laliberté included two allegorical figures among the elements of the central column. At the summit, a female head crowned with maple leaves and oak personifies New France. A female figure, acting as a protective shade overhanging and enveloping the hero, represents France, the motherland, exhorting Dollard to save the colony.

On each wing of the base is a bas-relief depicting a symbolic moment in the departure of the volunteers: on the left, an oath to fight to the death; on the right, the brave men's farewell to their families. The names of the soldiers are engraved in the base to either side of the bas-reliefs.

Image : HM_ARC_001093

Monument à Dollard des Ormeaux

Image : HM_ARC_001006

Monument à Dollard des Ormeaux, Parc La Fontaine

Image : HM_ARC_005256

14.1 cm x 9.1 cm
© Dinu Bumbaru, © Héritage Montréal